• First Grade Reading Focus Skills
     
    Phonemic Awareness 
    ~ Identify and isolate initial, final, and medial sounds in spoken words
    ~ Blend sounds orally to make words or syllables
    ~ Segment a word or syllable into sounds
    ~ Add, delete, or substitute phonemes 
     
    Phonics
    ~ Know letter-sound relationships
     
    Blend sounds of letters to decode 
    ~ Consonants
    ~ Consonant blends and digraphs
    ~ Short Vowels
    ~ Long Vowels
    ~ r-Controlled Vowels
    ~ Vowel Digraphs
    ~ Other Vowel Patterns
    ~ Phonograms/Word Families 
     
    Decode words with common word parts 
    ~ Base words and inflected endings
    ~ Contractions
    ~ Compounds
    ~ Suffixes and prefixes
    ~ Blend syllables to decode words 
     
    Fluency 
    ~ Read aloud with accuracy, comprehension, and appropriate rate
    ~ Read aloud with expression
    ~ Attend to punctuation and use appropriate phrasing
    ~ Practice fluency in a variety of ways, including choral reading, paired reading, and repeated oral reading 
     
    Vocabulary 
    ~ Read regular and irregular high-frequency (trick) words automatically
    ~ Develop vocabulary through direct instruction, concrete experiences, reading, and listening to text read aloud
    ~ Use word structure to figure out word meaning
    ~ Use context clues to determine word meaning of unfamiliar words, muliple-meaning words, homonyms, homographs
    ~ Use new words in a variety of contexts
     
    Text Comprehension
     
    Strategies 
    ~ Preview the text (Picture Walk)
    ~ Set and monitor purpose for reading
    ~ Activate and use prior knowledge
    ~ Make and confirm predictions
    ~ Monitor comprehension and use fix-up strategies
    ~ Use graphic organizers to focus on text structure to represent relations in text, or to summarize text
    ~ Answer questions
    ~ Generate questions
    ~ Recognize story structure
    ~ Summarize text by retelling stories or identifying main ideas
    ~ Visualize; use mental imagery
    ~ Make connections: text to self, text to text, text to worl
     
    Skills 
    ~ Author's purpose
    ~ Cause and effect
    ~ Compare and contrast
    ~ Draw conclusions
    ~ Main idea and supporting details
    ~ Realism/fantasy
    ~ Sequence of events 
     
    Literary Elements
    ~ Character
    ~ Plot and plot structure
    ~ Setting
    ~ Theme